Resilience is a term that derives from the material sciences to indicate the capacity for preservation of one’s own structure after being deformed. In psychology it has been used to indicate the ability of people to cope with stressful traumatic events without being excessively affected by negative effects. This concept serves to explain why similar people react differently to the same type of trauma. Inter-individual variability is very high. People with high resilience are able to cope with adversity, reorganizing themselves inwardly and reaching new important goals. They tend to be flexible dynamic and creative people, and they treasure past experiences.
According to Suzanne C. Kobasa, a Chicago psychologist, 3 personality factors are attributable to a high degree of resilience:
• Commitment – degree of involvement in activities, typical of non-passive or anxious people, able to realistically assess difficulties.
• Control – belief in being able to dominate events, a concept similar to the locus of control. Those with a high degree of control are ready to change themselves and their actions for a better strategy.
• Taste for challenges – acceptance of changes as positive factors of change. Difficulties are not avoided or considered dangerous, but rather are experienced as opportunities for personal growth.
Resilience – how to develop it
Resilience is composed of a set of behaviors and attitudes that if they are not owned since birth, can be developed:
• Create good relationships with the closest relatives, accepting support in difficult situations.
• Change your point of view and see opportunities for change in crises.
• Accept change as part of life.
• Develop realistic goals in such a way that they can be achieved.
• Take decisive action without letting others choose.
• To nurture a positive vision of oneself, taking care of one’s own needs and needs.